28% surge in crimes in 2020, fuelled by violation of Covid norms | India News

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New Delhi: there was a record 28% increase in crimes registered across the country in 2020, although essentially due to the sharp increase in cases filed for violation of Covid-19 norms, according to the ‘Crime in India’ report for 2020 published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Wednesday.
In 2020, just over 66 lakhs of recognizable crimes were recorded, including 42.54 lakh filed under CPI (the highest since 1981) and 23.46 lakh under special and local laws (SLL). While IPC crimes registered a 31.9% increase over 2019, the increase in SLL offenses it was around 21.6%. The crime rate per lakh of population (IPC and SLL crimes) increased to 487.8 in 2020 from 385.5 in 2019.
Among the infractions of the ICC, those registered under article 188 (disobedience to an order issued by a public servant), invoked since March 2020 to enforce compliance COVID-19 standards, witnessed a more than 20-fold increase from 29,469 in 2019 to 6.12 lakh in 2020. Similarly, ‘other IPC offenses’ increased from 2.52 lakh to Rs 10.62 lakh and SLL offenses from 89,552 cases to 4.14 lakh cases in 2020.
The NCRB said that crimes related primarily to violation of Covid regulations resulted in 16.43 lakh more recorded cases in 2020 than in 2019. However, traditional crimes fell by almost 2 lakh, it added.
According to NCRB data, crimes against women, children and the elderly; theft; Stole; Theft and damage decreased due to strict movement restrictions applied during the Covid shutdown from March 25 to May 31. Murders increased by 1% in 2019, with ‘disputes’ as the motive behind 10,404 of the total 29,193 murders in 2020. Interestingly, West Bengal, which submitted data for 2020 in time as opposed to last year, reported only three murders. for ‘political reasons’, less than Bihar (16) and Jharkhand (7). However, the TMC-ruled state attributed 114 murders to personal revenge and 303 to dowry.
Crimes related to the violation of public tranquility increased by 12.4% in 2020, and riots accounted for 51,606 of the total of 71,107 cases registered under this heading. Bihar recorded the highest cases of unrest with 9,422, followed by Maharashtra (9157), UP (6126). Delhi, which faced anti-CAA riots in February last year, recorded 688 cases of riots during the year, of which 519 were due to communal or religious reasons.
Crimes against the State experienced a sharp drop of 26.7% compared to 2019, with more than 80% of the cases under this heading registered under the Law for the Prevention of Damage to Public Property. Up to 44 people were arrested nationwide last year for sedition (Section 124A of the IPC), 1,321 under the UAPA and 52 under the Official Secrets Act.
The “anti-nationals” unleashed 398 violent incidents, of which 240 were committed by left-wing extremists, 76 by jihadist terrorists, 45 by northeastern insurgents and 37 by “other terrorists.” A total of 80 civilians and 73 security personnel were martyred in clashes / attacks by ‘anti-nationals’ in 2020, while 55 Maoists, 82 jihadist terrorists and 37 other people were also killed.
Economic crime decreased 12% in 2020 compared to 2019, while cybercrime increased 11.8% in the corresponding period.
Interestingly, Indian counterfeit banknote (FICN) seizures increased more than 190% from 8,34,947 banknotes with a face value of Rs 92 crore to 2.87,404 banknotes with a face value of Rs 25.39 crore in 2019.
The rate of charges for IPC crimes improved to 75.8% in 2020 from 67.4% in 2019. The states that reported the best rate of charges were Gujarat (97.1%), Kerala (94 , 9%) and Tamil Nadu (91.7%).
Crimes and atrocities against registered castes and tribes increased 9.4% and 9.3% respectively last year compared to 2019.
Among metropolitan areas, Chennai recorded the highest crime rate (IPC and SLL crimes) per lakh of population in 1937.1, followed by Delhi with a crime rate of 1608.6. Delhi, however, emerged as the ‘murder and rape capital’, recording the highest 461 murders, 967 rape cases in 2020 (5.9 rapes per lakh compared to the rate of 2.2 across India), followed by Jaipur which had 409 cases but a higher rate. of 13.3.
The State Anti-Corruption Offices (ACB) presented a total of 3,100 cases in 2020, compared to 4,244 cases in 2019, showing a decrease of 27%.





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