Career Options, Course Details, Eligibility, Top Colleges, Salary


Overview MBBS is a noble profession and it also promises a rewarding career. Now that you have completed your MBBS study, you must be thinking what’s next? Many MBBS graduates get confused when it comes to choosing between MS or MD. What are the best options after MBBS? Should you start doing the job directly by completing your MBBS or pursuing studies? These typical questions float to the minds of aspiring physicians, where they are absolutely in a no-man’s-land. If this is your concern, you have come to the right place as we are here to clear up all your doubts about what to do and how to proceed after completing your MBBS:

Career after MBBS

Entrance exams after MBBS

For medical graduate courses in MD and MS, candidates must take the Common Entrance Test – NEET PG (National Eligibility and Entrance Examination). CET assignments include the 3-year curriculum. The branch is chosen during the advisory time. It is imperative that students know their area of ​​interest and aptitude to choose their branch or branch accordingly.

The difference between MS and MD

MS is Master of General Surgery while MD is Master of General Medicine. Both are postgraduate courses and can only be taken after successful completion of MBBS study. Generally speaking, MD is a study area that deals with the non-surgical branch, while MS deals strictly and specifically with the surgical study area. To keep it simple, if your dream is to become a cardiac surgeon or neurosurgeon, you should opt for MS after MBBS. And, if you are aspiring to become a general practitioner, get a medical degree.

There are several branches of study in MS and MD. Depending on the area of ​​interest and passion, MBBS graduates can choose their stream and subject accordingly. After successfully completing the MD or MS course, you can apply for jobs in government and private sector hospitals. In addition, you can also start your own clinic, nursing home, or hospital. One more option for medical graduates is that they can join any medical school as a faculty.

Future prospects for EM and MD

MS and MD perspectives vary in terms of job roles, profiles, and salaries. A person who has MS will become a surgeon, while a person who has done an MD will become a doctor. It is quite normal that a surgeon always has more responsibilities and duties than a doctor. Also, a surgeon earns much more than a general practitioner. However, the incubation period in MS is longer than that of MD. A surgeon with a more in-depth study of medicine can also do the job of a general practitioner, however a physician cannot become a surgeon.

However, it depends entirely on the aptitude, passion and interest of an individual when choosing between MS or MD. The career prospects in both areas are good and will surely grow in the coming times.

Popular specializations in MD and MS are as follows:



Neurology and Anesthesiology

Plastic surgery

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Pediatric surgery






Cardiothoracic surgery



Internal Medicine





Cosmetic surgery


Heart surgery




It usually takes 3 years to complete MMS or MD, however for a master specialization; a candidate must spend 2 more years after MS or DM.

Salary packages after completing MD and MS

After completing your postgraduate and superspecialization in medicine, you can work in a hospital or medical school as a faculty to gain more experience or start your own private clinic in collaboration with a private hospital. As a professor in a medical college, one can easily earn up to Rs 60,000 a month.

The salary of a surgeon depends entirely on the experience, talent and skill of an individual. On average, a surgeon can earn Rs 1 lakh per month after MS. For expert surgeons, the sky is the limit.

The salary of a general practitioner and surgeon also depends on the type of clinic, city, hospital establishment and medical specializations. A person employed in a well-established hospital in metropolitan cities will definitely earn more than a doctor in a rural area.

Popularity of MD or MS in India

The fact remains the same that a candidate must choose his course very carefully based on his interest and aptitude. Whether MD or MS, it is entirely up to the candidates to choose between the subject of study rather than being swayed by the things of the outside world. MS as a topic is only for those who are passionate about it and not for the faint of heart. It is the perfect combination of artistic skills, knowledge, passion, dedication, and hard work that will make you stand out in this profession.

The percentage of aspiring MD and MS is about the same. However, nowadays, candidates also opt for an MBA in Hospital Administration after completing MBBS. Some of them also prefer to prepare for the IAS exam to enter the governance of medical and health services after MBBS.

Top Institutes to Study MD / MS

Some of the best medical institutes to pursue MD or MS courses are as follows:

  • AIIMS (Indian Institute of Medical Sciences), New Delhi
  • CMC (Christian Medical College), Vellore
  • SGPGI (Sanjay Gandhi Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences), Lucknow
  • JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute for Postgraduate Medical Education and Research), Pondicherry
  • PGI (Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research), Chandigarh
  • St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore
  • Stanley College of Medicine, Chennai
  • AFMC, Pune
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

Hospital Management has become the best career option for MBBS graduates. This is the ideal career option for those who do not want to work as a doctor or surgeon, but are willing to work as a manager. Additionally, hospital management is a rewarding career option and does not come with difficult job duties as is the case for a general practitioner or surgeon. The salary package in hospital management is also good. The IIM (Indian Institute of Management) offers this course, which promises 100% location on campus. The duration of this course is 2 years.

Clinical practice

The clinical practice has also become popular with MBBS graduates who do not want to pursue higher education but want to establish their clinics. Not only does clinical practice promise financial freedom, it also provides the space to work at your own pace. After completing your MBBS, you can start your own nursing home or hospitals depending on your budget, workforce, and skill set.

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