Centre notifies MTP Rules spelling out criteria for abortion up to 24 weeks | India News


NEW DELHI: The government has notified the new Medical Interruption of pregnancy (Amendment) 2021 rules detailing the situations that define the eligibility criteria for termination of pregnancy up to twenty-four weeks compared to the previous upper limit of 20 weeks.
Eligible categories include survivors of sexual assault, rape or incest, minors, women with physical disabilities, women with mental illnesses, including those with mental retardation and situations in which fetal malformation has a substantial risk of being incompatible with life. This category also includes cases in which it is assessed that if the child is born, it may suffer from physical or mental abnormalities until it is seriously disabled. The Rules also create a space for women whose cases can be considered where there is a change of marital status during the ongoing pregnancy, such as widowhood and divorce. The eligibility categorization also includes cases of women with disaster pregnancy or emergency situations that the government may declare.
the Medical termination of pregnancy (Amendment) Act 2021 came into force as of September 24. The Act amends the MTP Act of 1971 which regulates the conditions in which the medical termination of pregnancy must be pursued. The amended MTP Act extends the upper limit for medical termination of pregnancy from 20 to 24 weeks for certain categories of women.
The opinion of a registered doctor, eligible according to the rules, is required for the termination of pregnancy at different gestational ages up to 20 weeks. The opinion of two registered physicians is required for termination of pregnancy beyond twenty weeks to twenty-four weeks of the gestation period.
The opinion for the medical interruption of pregnancy beyond the gestation period of twenty-four weeks will be given by a medical board duly constituted by the respective state government or the administration of the UT in the authorized facilities. Two registered physicians eligible under MTP rules will perform the termination of the pregnancy as determined by the medical board.
The rules stipulate that the medical board will have the power to allow or deny the termination of pregnancy beyond the twenty-four weeks of the gestation period only after due consideration and to ensure that the procedure is safe for the woman at that gestational age and if the fetal malformation has a substantial risk of being incompatible with life or if the child is born it may suffer serious physical or mental abnormalities.

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