Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework used for web application development. It is based on the model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern and is intended for the development of web applications following the paradigm of REST (representational state transfer).
Laravel is designed to make common web development tasks, such as routing, authentication, and caching, easier and more convenient for developers. It includes a range of built-in features and tools, such as a command-line interface (CLI) called Artisan, a simple and elegant syntax, and a robust suite of testing and debugging tools.
There are several other popular PHP frameworks, such as CodeIgniter, CakePHP, and Zend Framework. Laravel differentiates itself from these frameworks by offering a more modern and elegant syntax, a more powerful CLI, and a greater focus on application architecture and design patterns.
To set up a new Laravel project, you will need to have a development environment that includes PHP, a web server, and a database management system (DBMS). Once you have your development environment set up, you can create a new Laravel project using Composer, a dependency manager for PHP.
Here are the basic steps to create a new Laravel project:
- Install Composer by following the instructions at https://getcomposer.org/download/.
- Open a terminal or command prompt, and navigate to the directory where you want to create your project.
- Run the following command to create a new Laravel project:
Replace “project-name” with the desired name for your project. This will create a new Laravel project in a directory with the specified name.
composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel project-name
Navigate to the project directory:
Run the following command to start the built-in PHP development server:
php artisan serve
This will start the development server at http://localhost:8000. You should see a welcome page for your new Laravel project when you visit this URL in your web browser.