Leaders of G20 ‘laser-focused’ on anti-terrorism efforts in Afghanistan


WASHINGTON: The world’s rich economies decided to channel aid through the United Nations to contain a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan at an extraordinary summit on Tuesday. Several leaders missed the virtual meeting, highlighting tensions over how to deal with the country’s new Taliban regime. Xi Jinping from China and Russia Vladimir Putin they were among those who did not participate in the G20 convocation organized by Italy. In all, more than two-thirds of the leaders scored, and the rest were represented by ministers, according to a G20 official who asked not to be named.
Leaders of the world’s major economies, including US President Joe Biden, “discussed the critical need to maintain a laser focus on our enduring efforts against terrorism, including against IS-K threats,” said a statement from the House. White. He was referring to the branch of the Islamic State terror group in the region, a staunch rival of the Taliban. G20 leaders also discussed the need to provide safe passage to foreign nationals and “Afghan partners” with documentation waiting to leave Afghanistan, the US reading said.
“Several representatives of international organizations spoke of a humanitarian catastrophe”, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi he told reporters after the talks. “I invited everyone to work together as much as possible” to avoid the worst as winter approaches, and “almost all leaders spoke of the need to forge a united approach.” Italy holds this year’s presidency of the G20. Before the event, an attempt to establish a common line with the Taliban was abandoned, and as leaders struggle to bridge their differences, Afghanistan is heading for ruin.
On Monday, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres urged countries to unfreeze assets and allow aid to flow or risk seeing the country collapse. He said the economy can be strengthened without recognizing the Taliban.
The leaders affirmed their commitment to channel assistance directly to the Afghan people through independent international organizations, the White House said. They also discussed safe passage out of Afghanistan and how to prevent the country from becoming a haven for terrorism.
When the Taliban seized power in August after two decades of war with the United States, half the population was already dependent on aid. Officially labeled a terrorist organization, the militant group has not had access to the country’s central bank reserves. The dismal state of the economy has raised new concerns about a possible mass exodus of refugees to neighboring countries such as Pakistan, with most efforts focused on preventing them from heading to Turkey and Europe.
China was represented by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Yi. The Asian nation was the warmest country at the summit, one of the officials said. China wants all countries that impose unilateral sanctions on Afghanistan to repeal them and for global financial institutions to support infrastructure projects and help Kabul fight poverty, Wang said in a statement after the meeting. Moscow, meanwhile, informed the Italian presidency earlier that both Putin and the foreign minister Sergei Lavrov he would be too busy to join, the Kremlin spokesman said. Putin was replaced by Deputy Foreign Minister Igor Morgulov and the Kremlin’s special envoy Zamir Kabulov. Non-G20 guests included Qatar. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund also participated.

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