According to the latest report from the National Office of Criminal Records (NCRB) on ‘Crimes in India – 2020’, a total of 66.01,285 recognizable offenses were recorded in 2020 comprising 42,54,356 offenses of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and 23,46,929 offenses of special and local laws (SLL) .
This is an increase of 14.45,127 (28%) in the case registry during 2019 (51.56,158 cases), while the crime rate registered per lakh of population increased from 385.5 in 2019 to 487.8 in 2020.
NCRB is responsible for collecting and analyzing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code and local and special laws of the country.
Here are some of the highlights of the report:
Drop traditional crimes, jump into disobedience against the government
NCRB data shows that the Coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown resulted in a drop in traditional crimes such as robbery, robbery, and assault on women and children in 2020. However, there was a drastic increase in disobedience. at the orders of the government, mainly due to violations. of the Covid-19 standards.
An important increase was observed in the cases registered for disobedience to the order duly promulgated by the public servant from 29,469 cases in 2019 to 6.12,179 cases in 2020 and in ‘other ICC crimes’ from 2.52,268 cases in 2019 to 10.62. 399 cases in 2020.
During 2020, the registration of cases under IPC (Indian Penal Code) increased by 31.9 percent, while SLL (Special and Local Laws) offenses increased by 21.6 percent during 2019.
The percentage of IPC cases was 64.4%, while that of SLL cases was 35.6% of all recognizable crimes during 2020.
Murder and motive
India reported an average of 80 murders a day in 2020, with a total of 29,193 deaths for the year, with Uttar Pradesh topping the list among states.
This was a marginal 1 percent increase over 2019 (28,915 cases).
Among the states, the highest of 3,779 murder cases in 2020 occurred in Uttar Pradesh, followed by Bihar (3,150), Maharashtra (2,163), Madhya Pradesh (2,101) and West Bengal (1,948).
‘Disputes’ (10,404 cases) was the motive in the maximum number of cases followed by ‘personal revenge or enmity’ (4,034 cases) and ‘profit’ (1,876 cases).
Crime against women
During 2020, a total of 3,71,503 cases of crimes against women were registered, which shows a decrease of 8.3 percent compared to 2019 (4.05,326 cases).
The majority of crimes against women under the IPC were recorded as’ cruelty by the husband or his relatives’ (30 percent) followed by ‘assault on women with the intention of outraging their modesty’ (23 percent), ‘ kidnapping and kidnapping of women ‘(16.8 percent) and’ rape ‘(7.5 percent).
Nearly 77 cases of rape were reported across India on average every day in 2020, bringing the total to 28,046 such incidents during the year. Of the total cases of crimes against women (3,71,503) in 2020, there were 28,046 incidents of rape involving 28,153 victims.
Of the total number of victims, 25,498 were adults, while 2,655 were under 18 years of age, he said.
The number of rape cases, as defined in section 376 of the Indian Penal Code, was 32,033 in 2019, 33,356 in 2018 and 32,559 in 2017. The figure for 2016 was 38,947
Among the states and territories of the Union, the highest of 5,310 rape cases occurred in Rajasthan in 2020, followed by Uttar Pradesh (2,769), Madhya Pradesh (2,339), Maharashtra (2,061) and Assam (1,657). The national capital, Delhi, recorded 997 such cases during the year.
Crime against children
During 2020, a total of 1,28,531 cases of crimes against children were registered, which represents a decrease of 13.2% compared to 2019 (1,48,090 cases).
In percentage terms, the main crimes related to the ‘crime against children’ during 2020 were kidnapping and kidnapping (42.6%) and the Law for the protection of children against sexual crimes of 2012 (38.8%) , including child rape.
Kidnapping and kidnapping
Kidnapping and kidnapping cases fell by more than 19 percent in 2020 compared to 2019.
There were a total of 84,805 abduction and abduction cases in 2020, up from 1,05,036 in 2019.
Among the states, the highest of 12,913 kidnapping and kidnapping cases in 2020 occurred in Uttar Pradesh, followed by West Bengal (9,309), Maharashtra (8,103), Bihar (7,889) and Madhya Pradesh (7,320).
Delhi recorded 4,062 cases of kidnapping and kidnapping during 2020.
The year saw 4,047 cases of online banking fraud, 1,093 OTP fraud and 1,194 credit / debit card fraud, while in 2020 2,160 cases related to ATMs were reported.
11.8% increase in cybercrime
India recorded 50,035 cybercrime cases in 2020, an 11.8 percent increase in cybercrime from the previous year. The cybercrime rate (incidents per lakh of population) also increased from 3.3% in 2019 to 3.7% in 2020 in the country. In 2019, the country registered 44,735 cases of cybercrime, while the figures stood at 27,248 in 2018, data for the corresponding years showed.
NCRB data reveals that the top 60.2 percent of cybercrimes filed in 2020 were committed by fraud (30,142 out of 50,035 cases). Sexual exploitation followed with 6.6% (3,293 cases) and extortion with 4.9% (2,440 cases).
Cyber Crimes: UP on Top
Among the states, the highest of 11,097 cybercrime cases were reported in Uttar Pradesh, followed by Karnataka (10,741), Maharashtra (5,496), Telangana (5,024) and Assam (3,530).
Crimes that affect the human body
A total of 10,47,216 cases of crimes that affect the human body were registered, representing 24.6 percent of the total crimes of the ICC during 2020, of which injuries (5,78,641 cases) represented the maximum number of cases – 55 , 3 percent – followed by cases of wrongful death (1,26,779 or 12.1%) and cases of assault on women with the intention of outraging their modesty (85,392 or 8.2%).
Cases registered as crimes against the human body represent a marginal decrease of 0.5 percent in 2020 compared to 2019 (10,52,016 cases) and the crime rate has decreased from 78.6 in 2019 to 77.4 in 2020 .
(With inputs from agencies)