The heading ‘crimes against the state’ included in the NCRB’s annual report on ‘Crimes in India’ covers the cases registered under CPI Articles 121-123, 124A (sedition) and 153B (imputation and affirmations harmful to national integration), Law on Prevention of Illegal Activities, Law of Official Secrets and Law of Prevention of Damage to Public Property.
Of the 5,613 crimes against the State reported nationwide in 2020, 4,524 were under the Law for the Prevention of Damage to Public Property, 796 under UAPA, 99 under IPC Section 121-123, 82 under IPC Section 153B, 73 under IPC Section 124A, and 39 under the Official Secrets Act.
Uttar Pradesh accounted for 39% of “crimes against the state” in all of India. Furthermore, 96% of the ‘crimes against the State’ registered by the UP last year were under the Law for the Prevention of Damage to Public Property.
Among the other states that reported a significant number of ‘crimes against the state’ are Tamil nadu (668), Assam (333), J&K (317) and Delhi (18).
Of the 796 UAPA cases registered in the country in 2020, the highest was in J&K (287), followed by Manipur (169), Jharkhand (86), Assam (76) and UP (72). Cases of sedition were highest in Manipur (15) and Assam (12), followed by UP (7). Maharashtra topped the list, recording nearly a quarter of the cases nationwide in OSA.
Up to 7,607 people were arrested for ‘crimes against the State’, 956 people were convicted, 54 were released and 1,282 acquitted.
A total of 6,009 people were arrested under the Public Property Damage Prevention Act, 1,321 under UAPA (up from 1,226 in 2019), 44 for sedition, and 52 under OSA. Although 80 people were convicted by the UAPA, 116 were acquitted and eight released by the courts. Three people were convicted of sedition and four were acquitted. One person was convicted and acquitted under the OSA.